Utilitarianism kant s theory

To deduce all these laws, Kant examined experience in general, dissecting in it what is supplied by the mind from what is supplied by the given intuitions. But these acts are clearly immoral regardless of how fruitful they might be for the greatest number.

He never married, but seemed to have a rewarding social life — he was a popular teacher and a modestly successful author even before starting on his major philosophical works.

Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law. Utility ignores justice[ edit ] As Rosen [20] has pointed out, claiming that act utilitarians are not concerned about having rules is to set up a "straw man".

Should you torture the child. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things. One main problem is that utilitarianism, if adopted, justifies as morally appropriate things that are clearly immoral. You need to point out inconsistencies within his system.

We must consider them on equal moral ground in terms of the will behind their actions. Kant argues that the proper functioning of the faculties of sensibility and the understanding combine to draw reason, or the cognitive power of inference, inexorably into mistakes.

Kantianism > Utilitarianism

In any case, both ethical theories remain important in contemporary ethical philosophy. The principle of utility does not mean that any given pleasure, as music, for instance, or any given exemption from pain, as for example health, are to be looked upon as means to a collective something termed happiness, and to be desired on that account.

Most ends are of an subjective kind, because they want only be pursued if they're in line with some particular theoretical essential a person may choose to adopt.


It is true there are cases in which, if we confine ourselves to the effects of the first order, the good will have an incontestable preponderance over the evil. Hume and rationalists cf. For that reason, I think utilitarianism is the stronger position -- but this is not to say that it does not come with problems of its own.

Difference Between Kantianism and Utilitarianism

With social utility, he means the well-being of many people. To decide what is right or wrong in our lives, I think that we should first define the scope of our dilemma, take into account the advantages and disadvantages in both course of actions, and only then we should apply the appropriate theory to justify ourselves.

It would be absurd that while, in estimating all other things, quality is considered as well as quantity, the estimation of pleasures should be supposed to depend on quantity alone.

Our mind supplies the conditions of space and time to experience objects. Therefore, we should also have the ability to reason to the right behavior. The debate between Kant and Mill is precisely whether our sense of duty can be compromised by appeals to consequences. Although now uniformly recognized as one of the greatest works in the history of philosophy, this Critique was largely ignored upon its initial publication.

But, from the moral point of view, pain cannot be outweighed by pleasure, and especially not one man's pain by another man's pleasure. The Dialectic explains the illusions of reason in these sections. Joe is terminally ill with some nasty cancer in the opinion of two doctors, and is in a lot of pain, at the legal limit of painkillers.

The possessor of a rational will, however, is the only thing with unconditional worth. Kant is known for his theory that there is a single moral obligationwhich he called the " Categorical Imperative ", and is derived from the concept of duty.

As a culture here in the U. The First Antinomy argues both that the world has a beginning in time and space, and no beginning in time and space. Space and time are the necessary forms of apprehension for the receptive faculty.

The rule being that we should only be committing actions that provide pleasure to society. Before Kant's first Critique, empiricists cf.

This is evidenced by the wide variety of moral theories that have been created. The dissimilarities between imperfect and perfect responsibilities are the additional key point of Kantian moral theories.

It seems as though this technique is more subjective and can't be universally applied whereas Kantianism can be. Nonetheless, if the greatest probable power is not produced, the action is then morally wrong.

Ethics Theories: Utilitarianism Vs. Deontological Ethics

Utilitarianism, Kant's ethical system represents a universal categorical imperative rule of ethics. The Categorical imperative is an expression of the moral law. Kant’s theory helps us to see where we get them. Duties imply rights, and rights imply legitimate expectations.

If every human has intrinsic worth (as Kant believes), then every human should have the same rights, other things being equal. Because utilitarianism only cares that the end result is an increase in happiness and does not consider the intentions behind an action, I believe that Kantian ethics is a better moral law to follow when compared to utilitarianism.

Utilitarianism and Kant’s Categorical Imperative The issues of morality are most clearly expressed through examples of different methods of analyzing a situation.

The case of Holmes, an officer in charge of a sinking ship, shows the striking differences between philosopher Immanuel Kant’s beliefs and those of the Utilitarians.

As stated in Kant’s theory, maxim should always take into account other people which are a total rival to egoism in which the basis of moral act is self-interest. Another proponent of deontological approach was the British scholar W. D. Ross, a well-known opponent of utilitarianism.

May 30,  · Why does Kant’s theory deserve five paragraphs and the latter deserves only one? In my opinion, you should have explained Utilitarianism further and evaluated the flaws of both ideas.

In this way, you would had been less partial, I guess.

Utilitarianism kant s theory
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Kant vs. Utilitarianism | philosophyfactory